Dr. Montessori often referred to the study of Science and Culture as “Cosmic Education” and included activities in Botany, Zoology, Geography, History, Culture, Art, and Music: activities that brought life and richness to the Montessori environment. These are the lessons that connect a child with the greater world and give him or her a “cosmic” view of the universe. The activities in these areas are designed to be fun, engaging, creative, and intriguing. They are not viewed as extra-curricular activities that take a back seat to the more “important” academic work elsewhere in the classroom, but are instead a living and central part of the environment.
- Science – Living/Non-Living activities; Plant and Animal nomenclature via the Botany Cabinet (Leaf Shape Insets and Frames; Leaf, Tree, and Flower puzzles) and Animal Puzzles (Fish, Horse, Frog, Bird, Turtle, Butterfly, etc.); Rocks and Minerals; Magnetic/Non-Magnetic; Sink/Float; the Solar System; and Simple Experiments.
- Geography and History – Land and Water forms; the Timeline of Life; Puzzle maps of the Continents and the USA; Flags from across the World; the Study of People, their Customs and Beliefs; Cultures from the Past; and Historical Figures and Events.
- Art – An introduction of art through time; art from different cultures; masterpieces and the great artists; and opportunities to develop art skills and work with various media.
- Music and Movement – Exposure to styles of music from all over the world; “great” composers; instruments in the orchestra; rhythm instruments and movement activities; and the opportunity to sing and dance and explore movement, balance, and coordination.
- Peace Education – The silence game; songs, stories, and games to help children understand themselves and others and express their feelings; role playing; and conflict resolution and peacemaking skills.